Welcome to CDC stacks | Severe Morbidity Among Hospitalized Adults With Acute Influenza and other Respiratory Infections; 2014–15 and 2015–16 - 58101 | CDC Public Access
Stacks Logo
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.
 
 
Help
Clear All Simple Search
Advanced Search
Severe Morbidity Among Hospitalized Adults With Acute Influenza and other Respiratory Infections; 2014–15 and 2015–16
Filetype[PDF-363.96 KB]


Details:
  • Keywords:
  • Pubmed ID:
    29880077
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC6089216
  • Description:
    Our objective was to identify predictors of severe acute respiratory infection in hospitalised patients and understand the impact of vaccination and neuraminidase inhibitor administration on severe influenza. We analysed data from a study evaluating influenza vaccine effectiveness in two Michigan hospitals during the 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 influenza seasons. Adults admitted to the hospital with an acute respiratory infection were eligible. Through patient interview and medical record review, we evaluated potential risk factors for severe disease, defined as ICU admission, 30-day readmission, and hospital length of stay (LOS). Two hundred sixteen of 1119 participants had PCR-confirmed influenza. Frailty score, Charlson score and tertile of prior-year healthcare visits were associated with LOS. Charlson score >2 (OR 1.5 (1.0-2.3)) was associated with ICU admission. Highest tertile of prior-year visits (OR 0.3 (0.2-0.7)) was associated with decreased ICU admission. Increasing tertile of visits (OR 1.5 (1.2-1.8)) was associated with 30-day readmission. Frailty and prior-year healthcare visits were associated with 30-day readmission among influenza-positive participants. Neuraminidase inhibitors were associated with decreased LOS among vaccinated participants with influenza A (HR 1.6 (1.0-2.4)). Overall, frailty and lack of prior-year healthcare visits were predictors of disease severity. Neuraminidase inhibitors were associated with reduced severity among vaccine recipients.

  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Main Document Checksum:
No Related Documents.
You May Also Like: