Welcome to CDC stacks | Head injuries (TBI) to adults and children in motor vehicle crashes - 58019 | CDC Public Access
Stacks Logo
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.
 
 
Help
Clear All Simple Search
Advanced Search
Head injuries (TBI) to adults and children in motor vehicle crashes
Filetype[PDF-90.26 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    28112983
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC6082169
  • Description:
    Purpose

    This is a descriptive study. It determined the annual, national incidence of head injuries (traumatic brain injury, TBI) to adults and children in motor vehicle crashes. It evaluated NASS-CDS for exposure and incidence of various head injuries in towaway crashes. It evaluated 3 health databases for emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths due to TBI in motor vehicle occupants.

    Methods

    Four databases were evaluated using 1997–2010 data on adult (15+ years old) and child (0– 14 years old) occupants in motor vehicle crashes: (1) NASS-CDS estimated the annual incidence of various head injuries and outcomes in towaway crashes, (2) National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS)-estimated ED visits for TBI, (3) National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) estimated hospitalizations for TBI, and (4) National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) estimated TBI deaths. The 4 databases provide annual national totals for TBI related injury and death in motor vehicle crashes based on differing definitions with TBI coded by the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) in NASS-CDS and by International Classification of Diseases (ICD) in the health data.

    Results

    Adults: NASS-CDS had 16,980 ± 2,411 (risk = 0.43 ± 0.06%) with severe head injury (AIS 4+) out of 3,930,543 exposed adults in towaway crashes annually. There were 49,881 ± 9,729 (risk = 1.27 ± 0.25%) hospitalized with AIS 2+ head injury, without death. There were 6,753 ± 882 (risk = 0.17 ± 0.02%) fatalities with a head injury cause. The public health data had 89,331±6,870 ED visits, 33,598±1,052 hospitalizations, and 6,682±22 deaths with TBI. NASS-CDS estimated 48% more hospitalized with AIS 2+ head injury without death than NHDS occupants hospitalized with TBI. NASS-CDS estimated 29% more deaths with AIS 3+ head injury than NVSS occupant TBI deaths but only 1% more deaths with a head injury cause. Children: NASS-CDS had 1,453 ± 318 (risk = 0.32 ± 0.07%) with severe head injury (AIS 4+) out of 454,973 exposed children annually. There were 2,581 ± 683 (risk = 0.57 ± 0.15%) hospitalized with AIS 2+ head injury, without death. There were 466 ± 132 (risk = 0.10 ± 0.03%) fatalities with a head injury cause. The public health data had 19,251 ± 2,803 ED visits, 3,363 ± 255 hospitalizations, and 488 ± 6 deaths with TBI. NASS-CDS estimated 24% fewer hospitalized children with AIS 2+ head injury without death than NHDS hospitalization with TBI. NASS-CDS estimated 31% more deaths with AIS 3+ head injury than NVSS child deaths but 5% fewer deaths with a head injury cause.

    Conclusions

    The annual national incidence of motor vehicle–related head injury (TBI) was estimated using 1997–2010 NASS-CDS from the Department of Transportation and NHAMCS (ED visits), NHDS (hospitalizations), and NVSS (deaths) from the Department of Health and Human Services. The transportation and health databases use different definitions and coding, which complicates direct comparisons. Future work is needed where ICD to AIS translators are used if comparisons of serious head injuries in NASS and health data sets are to be made.

  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Place as Subject:
  • Main Document Checksum:
No Related Documents.
You May Also Like: