Deaths : final data for 2016
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      Objectives—This report presents final 2016 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant mortality, and trends, by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin and race, state of residence, and cause of death. Methods—Information reported on death certificates, which are completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical examiners, and coroners, is presented in descriptive tabulations. The original records are filed in state registration offices. Statistical information is compiled in a national database through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program of the National Center for Health Statistics. Causes of death are processed in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision. Results—In 2016, a total of 2,744,248 deaths were reported in the United States. The age-adjusted death rate was 728.8 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population, a decrease of 0.6% from the 2015 rate. Life expectancy at birth was 78.6 years, a decrease of 0.1 year from 2015. Life expectancy decreased from 2015 to 2016 for non-Hispanic white males (0.2 year), non-Hispanic black males (0.4), non-Hispanic black females (0.2), Hispanic males (0.2), and Hispanic females (0.1). Age-specific death rates increased in 2016 from 2015 for age groups 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, and 55–64, and decreased for age groups 65–74, 75–84, and 85 and over. The 15 leading causes of death in 2016 remained the same as in 2015, although Accidents (unintentional injuries) and Chronic lower respiratory diseases exchanged ranks. The infant mortality rate, 5.87 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016, did not change significantly from the rate of 5.90 in 2015. Conclusions—Although the age-adjusted death rate for the total population decreased from 2015 to 2016, life expectancy at birth decreased for the second consecutive year in 2016, mainly due to increases in mortality from unintentional injuries, homicide, Alzheimer’s disease, suicide, and Parkinson’s disease. Suggested citation: Xu JQ, Murphy SL, Kochanek KD, Bastian B, Arias E. Deaths: Final data for 2016. National Vital Statistics Reports; vol 67 no 5. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018. CS293917
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