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Training Employers to Implement Health Promotion Programs: Results From the CDC Work@Health® Program
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Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    28731383
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC6043899
  • Description:
    Purpose:

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) initiated the Work@Health Program to teach employers how to improve worker health using evidence-based strategies. Program goals included (1) determining the best way(s) to deliver employer training, (2) increasing employers’ knowledge of workplace health promotion (WHP), and (3) increasing the number of evidence-based WHP interventions at employers’ worksites. This study is one of the few to examine the effectiveness of a program designed to train employers how to implement WHP programs.

    Design:

    Pre- and posttest design.

    Setting:

    Training via 1 of 3 formats hands-on, online, or blended.

    Participants:

    Two hundred six individual participants from 173 employers of all sizes.

    Intervention:

    Eight-module training curriculum to guide participants through building an evidence-based WHP program, followed by 6 to 10 months of technical assistance.

    Measures:

    The CDC Worksite Health ScoreCard and knowledge, attitudes, and behavior survey.

    Analysis:

    Descriptive statistics, paired t tests, and mixed linear models.

    Results:

    Participants’ posttraining mean knowledge scores were significantly greater than the pretraining scores (61.1 vs 53.2, P < .001). A year after training, employers had significantly increased the number of evidence-based interventions in place (47.7 vs 35.5, P < .001). Employers’ improvements did not significantly differ among the 3 training delivery formats.

    Conclusion:

    The Work@Health Program provided employers with knowledge to implement WHP interventions. The training and technical assistance provided structure, practical guidance, and tools to assess needs and select, implement, and evaluate interventions.

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