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First state-specific healthcare-associated infections summary data report; January- June, 2009
  • Published Date:
Filetype[PDF-792.46 KB]

  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (U.S.), Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion. ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ; National Healthcare Safety Network
  • Description:
    "The National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) is a public health surveillance system that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion (DHQP) maintains and supports as a mainstay of its healthcare-associated infection (HAI) surveillance and prevention program. NHSN is used by healthcare facilities in all 50 states; Washington, D.C.; and Puerto Rico. Participation in NHSN is a state-mandated requirement for healthcare facilities in an increasing number of states. As of December 2009, 21 states had plans to require, or already required, use of NHSN for their reporting mandate. Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are one of the HAI types for which reporting is most frequently mandated by states that are using NHSN as their operational system for mandatory reporting. Related to these mandates as well as to the increased visibility of HAIs among facilities and healthcare organizations, the number of facilities utilizing NHSN for reporting HAI data has doubled in the past 2 years. Since NHSN's inception in 2005, DHQP has used HAI data from the system for national-level analysis and reporting. Recently, DHQP extended its roles and responsibilities in analyzing and reporting HAI data from the national level to the state level. This initial report presents composite statistics summarizing HAI data available from NHSN at the national and state levels. The HAI data reported are limited to CLABSIs. The CLABSI data are summarized using the Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR), a statistic used to measure relative difference in HAI occurrence during a reporting period compared to a common referent period (i.e., standard population). The SIR can be used to track HAIs at the national, state, and local levels over time, and is closely related to the Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR), a summary statistic widely used in public health to analyze mortality data."


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