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Increase in Gonorrhea Cases in Counties Associated with American Indian Reservations — Montana, January 2012–August 2014
  • Published Date:
    Oct 17 2014
  • Source:
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014; 63(41):937.
Filetype[PDF-102.74 KB]

  • Alternative Title:
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
  • Description:
    In May 2012, the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services noted that 23 cases of gonorrhea were reported in Roosevelt County during October 2011-March 2012, compared with only three cases during January-September 2011. An analysis of surveillance data for Roosevelt County and the six other Montana counties most closely associated with American Indian (AI) reservations showed that, during 2000-2011, the annual incidence rates in the seven counties ranged from 9-43 cases per 100,000, compared with 4-19 cases per 100,000 for all the remaining 49 Montana counties, and 98-129 cases per 100,000 for the United States. Since May 2012, the rates have continued to increase in the seven counties. The 2012 and 2013 incidence rates in counties associated with AI reservations were 74 and 131 cases per 100,000, respectively, compared with four and 10 cases per 100,000 in the remaining counties, and 108 cases per 100,000 in the United States during 2012. This increase in gonorrhea incidence in counties associated with AI reservations began in 2012. During January 2012-August 2014, of the 553 gonorrhea cases reported in Montana, 315 (57%) had a race classification of AI/Alaska Native (AN). In comparison, 6.5% of Montana's population is classified as AI/AN. Cases were concentrated in few of Montana's 56 counties; 327 (59%) occurred among residents of seven counties associated with AI reservations that are the home of just 9.8% of Montana's population. Among all reported Montana cases, the median patient age was 24 years (range = 12-70 years), and 258 (47%) occurred among males. Gonorrhea incidence in Montana counties associated with AI reservations is now comparable to U.S. incidence rates.
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