Implications of two-stage depression screening for identifying persons with thoughts of self-harm☆
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Implications of two-stage depression screening for identifying persons with thoughts of self-harm☆

  • Published Date:

    2014 Jan-Feb

  • Source:
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 36(1):119-123.
Filetype[PDF-318.35 KB]


Details:
  • Alternative Title:
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry
  • Description:
    Objective Persons with thoughts of self-harm may need evaluation for suicide risk. We examine the prevalence of thoughts of self-harm and whether persons with thoughts of self-harm are identified when two-stage depression screening is used. Methods Data are from the 2005–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Persons responding positively to question nine of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) are identified as having thoughts of self-harm. We compare two depression cutoff scores for the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) to see what percentage of persons with thoughts of self-harm would be identified as needing further screening with the PHQ-9. Results The prevalence of thoughts of self-harm was 3.5%. Persons 12–17 years old, poor and reporting fair or poor health were more likely to report thoughts of self-harm. A cutoff score of three on the PHQ-2 identified 49% of persons with thoughts of self-harm for further screening with the PHQ-9. A cut point of two increased the proportion of persons with thoughts of self-harm continuing for further screening to 76%. Conclusions Using a lower cutoff score, two, the PHQ-2 captures more persons with thoughts of self-harm. One quarter of persons with self-harm thoughts may not be identified for further screening when two-stage screening is used.
  • Pubmed ID:
    24183490
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5942185
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