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Exposure to Recycled Uranium Contaminants in Gaseous Diffusion Plants
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Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    28096314
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5892198
  • Description:
    As part of an ongoing study of health effects in a pooled cohort of gaseous diffusion plant workers, organ dose from internal exposure to uranium was evaluated. Due to the introduction of recycled uranium into the plants, there was also potential for exposure to radiologically significant levels of 99Tc, 237Np and 238,239Pu. In the evaluation of dose response, these radionuclide exposures could confound the effect of internal uranium. Using urine bioassay data for study subjects reported in facility records, intakes and absorbed dose to bone surface, red bone marrow and kidneys were estimated as these organs were associated with a priori outcomes of interest. Additionally, 99Tc intakes and doses were calculated using a new systemic model for technetium and compared to intakes and doses calculated using the current model recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection. Organ absorbed doses for the transuranics were significant compared to uranium doses; however, 99Tc doses calculated using the new systemic model were significant as well. Use of the new model resulted in an increase in 99Tc-related absorbed organ dose of a factor of 8 (red bone marrow) to 30 (bone surface).

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