Report of final mortality statistics, 1995
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      Objectives—This report presents 1995 data on U.S. deaths and death rates according to such demographic and medical characteristics as age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, educational attainment, State of residence, and cause of death. Trends and patterns in general mortality, life expectancy, and infant and maternal mortality are also described. Methods—Descriptive tabulations of data reported on the death certificates of 2,312,132 deaths are presented. Changes between 1994 and 1995 in numbers of deaths and death rates and differences in death rates across demographic groups in 1995 are tested for statistical significance. Decomposition procedures are used to identify causes of death accounting for changes in age-specific death rates and life expectancy. Results—The age-adjusted death rate for the total population in 1995 decreased, reaching an all-time low; and life expectancy at birth increased by 0.1 year to 75.8 years. The improvement in life expectancy was primarily due to decreases in mortality from heart disease, cancer, homicide, perinatal conditions, and chronic liver disease, despite offsetting increases in mortality from diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and accidents. The list of 15 leading causes of death was the same as in the previous year, but the rank of some causes changed. Mortality declined for those under 5 years of age and those ages 15–34 and 55–74 years; it increased for those 85 years of age and older. Mortality declined overall for white males and black males but did not change significantly for white females and black females. The infant mortality rate declined by 5 percent to a record low of 7.6 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Neonatal mortality rates declined for black infants, and postneonatal mortality rates declined for white and black infants. Conclusions—The overall improvements in general mortality and life expectancy represent a continuation of the long-term downward trend in U.S. mortality. The decline in infant mortality continues the steady downward trend of the past four decades. Suggested citation: Anderson RN, Kochanek KD, Murphy SL. Report of final mortality statistics, 1995. Monthly vital statistics report; vol 45 no 11, supp 2. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 1997. 7-0394 (6/97)
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