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Singleton Low birthweight rates, by race and hispanic origin : United States, 2006–2016
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  • Description:
    Key findings

    Data from the National Vital Statistics System

    • The singleton low birthweight (less than 2,500 grams) rate increased in 2015 (6.34%) and 2016 (6.44%), after declining from 2006 to 2014 (6.49% to 6.24%).

    • The recent increase in the singleton low birthweight rate from 2014 to 2016 re ects

    • an increase in the rate of moderately low birthweight (1,500–2,499 grams), as the rate of very low birthweight (less than 1,500 grams) was stable during this period.

    • The low birthweight and moderately low birthweight rates among singletons rose from 2014 to 2016 for each race and Hispanic-origin group.

    • The rate of singleton low birthweight was more than twice as high for non-Hispanic black infants as for non-Hispanic white infants from 2006 to 2016.

    Low birthweight (LBW) is among the leading causes of infant death in the United States (1). LBW infants are also more likely to have health problems (2). After reaching its highest level in four decades, the LBW rate among all births declined from 2006 to 2014 (3,4), but the trend reversed in 2015 and 2016 when the LBW rate increased (4), moving further away from the Healthy People 2020 goal of reducing LBW rates to 7.8% of live births (5). This report shows trends in LBW, moderately low birthweight (MLBW), and very low birthweight (VLBW) by race and Hispanic origin from 2006 to 2016 for singleton births only, as rates of multiple births can impact LBW rates (4,6).

    Suggested citation: Womack LS, Rossen LM, Martin JA. Singleton low birthweight rates, by race and Hispanic origin: United States, 2006–2016. NCHS Data Brief, no 306. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.

    CS289881

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