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Health Behaviors and Obesity among Hispanics with Depression, United States 2006
  • Published Date:
    2014
  • Source:
    Ethn Dis. 24(1):92-96.
Filetype[PDF-310.10 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    24620454
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5821054
  • Description:
    Objective

    To examine the differences in health behaviors, and obesity between Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites with depression.

    Design

    Depression data were gathered from 38 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands using the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a state-based random-digit-dialed telephone survey of adults aged ≥18 years (n=156,991). The Patient Health Questionnaire 8 was used to determine current depression. Lifetime diagnosis of depression was assessed by self-report of physician diagnosis. Prevalence ratios were calculated to examine the racial/ethnic differences in leisure-time physical activity, cigarette smoking, binge drinking, heavy drinking and obesity among people with current depression and lifetime diagnosis of depression.

    Results

    There were significant differences in age, education, and health care coverage between Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites with current depression and lifetime diagnosis of depression. Hispanics with current depression and with lifetime diagnosis of depression were more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic Whites. After adjusting for demographic factors, health care coverage, and self-rated health status, Hispanics with current depression were 17% more likely not to participate in leisure-time physical activity and 42% less likely to be a current cigarette smoker compared with non-Hispanic Whites. Hispanics with lifetime diagnosis of depression were 14% more likely not to participate in leisure-time physical activity and 44% less likely to be a current cigarette smoker than non-Hispanic Whites after adjusting for confounders.

    Conclusions

    Public health intervention programs are needed to promote healthy behaviors especially physical activity participation with in the Hispanic community, and paying particular attention to people who already are depressed.

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