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Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in human serum and urine samples from a residentially exposed community
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Details:
  • Alternative Title:
    Environ Int
  • Description:
    Background

    Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are considered chemicals of emerging concern, in part due to their environmental and biological persistence and the potential for widespread human exposure. In 2007, a PFAS manufacturer near Decatur, Alabama notified the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) it had discharged PFAS into a wastewater treatment plant, resulting in environmental contamination and potential exposures to the local community.

    Objectives

    To characterize PFAS exposure over time, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) collected blood and urine samples from local residents.

    Methods

    Eight PFAS were measured in serum in 2010 (n =153). Eleven PFAS were measured in serum, and five PFAS were measured in urine (n =45) from some of the same residents in 2016. Serum concentrations were compared to nationally representative data and change in serum concentration over time was evaluated. Biological half-lives were estimated for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), and perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS) using a one-compartment pharmacokinetic model.

    Results

    In 2010 and 2016, geometric mean PFOA and PFOS serum concentrations were elevated in participants compared to the general U.S. population. In 2016, the geometric mean PFHxS serum concentration was elevated compared to the general U.S. population. Geometric mean serum concentrations of PFOA, PFOS, and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) were significantly (p≤0.0001) lower (49%, 53%, and 58%, respectively) in 2016 compared to 2010. Half-lives for PFOA, PFOS, and PFHxS were estimated to be 3.9, 3.3, and 15.5 years, respectively. Concentrations of PFOA in serum and urine were highly correlated (r =0.75) in males.

    Conclusions

    Serum concentrations of some PFAS are decreasing in this residentially exposed community, but remain elevated compared to the U.S. general population.

  • Pubmed ID:
    28645013
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5673082
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