Risk Factors Associated with Persistence of Zika Virus Nucleic Acid in Serum and Semen
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

All these words:

For very narrow results

This exact word or phrase:

When looking for a specific result

Any of these words:

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

None of these words:

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields

Language:

Dates

Publication Date Range:

to

Document Data

Title:

Document Type:

Library

Collection:

Series:

People

Author:

Help
Clear All

Query Builder

Query box

Help
Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page

i

Risk Factors Associated with Persistence of Zika Virus Nucleic Acid in Serum and Semen

Filetype[PDF-815.53 KB]



Details:

  • Alternative Title:
    Open Forum Infect Dis
  • Description:
    Background

    Identifying factors associated with time-to-loss of Zika virus (ZIKV) RNA in serum and semen is important to inform diagnostic testing and prevention recommendations. CDC currently recommends RT-PCR testing of serum up to two weeks after symptom onset. We evaluated such associations among participants of the Zika virus Persistence (ZiPer) study in Puerto Rico.

    Methods

    Patients presenting for care with Zika-like illness and ZIKV RNA detected by RT-PCR in serum or urine (index cases) were offered study participation. Index cases’ household members were offered study participation, and those with detectable ZIKV RNA were eligible for the prospective cohort. Serum and semen were collected weekly for the first month, and biweekly thereafter for participants with detectable ZIKV RNA in any fluid and at 2, 4, and 6 months post-enrollment for all others. We used chi-squared and Fischer’s exact tests to assess if detecting ZIKV RNA in specific specimens at any point was associated with sex, age, Zika-like symptoms (rash, fever, arthralgia, or conjunctivitis), or pregnancy. We performed Weibull regression models to estimate time-to-loss of ZIKV RNA in days post symptom onset (DPO) and evaluated associations between covariates and duration of detection.

    Results

    Among 295 participants, 260 (88.1%) had ZIKV RNA detected in serum at any point. Participants aged ≥18 years (n = 244) had a significantly longer median time-to-loss of ZIKV RNA in serum than participants aged < 18 years (n = 50) (13.1 vs. 7.8 DPO, respectively; P = 0.003) (Figure 1). Among women aged 18–39 years (n = 60), pregnant women (n = 9) had a significantly longer median time-to-loss of ZIKV RNA in serum than non-pregnant women (n = 51) (37.4 vs. 15.5 DPO, respectively; P = 0.0005) (Figure 2). The proportion of men who had detectable ZIKV RNA in semen at any point was significantly higher among men with conjunctivitis (47 of 82) than among men without conjunctivitis (3 of 14) (P = 0.01). No other associations were significant.

    Conclusion

    Time-to-loss of ZIKV RNA in serum was longer among adults than children, and conjunctivitis was associated with detecting ZIKV RNA in semen. This study provides evidence that time-to-loss of ZIKV RNA is longer among pregnant women than non-pregnant women. Findings may inform the recommended period to test pregnant women for ZIKV using RT-PCR.

    Disclosures

    All authors: No reported disclosures.

  • Subject:
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5632286
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Main Document Checksum:
  • File Type:

You May Also Like

Checkout today's featured content at stacks.cdc.gov