HIV and viral hepatitis
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      Viral Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver caused by a virus. In the United States, the most common causes of viral hepatitis

      are hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Each is distinct from the other and spread in slightly different ways. HBV and HCV infections are common among people who are at risk for, or living with, HIV. You can get some forms of viral hepatitis the same way you get HIV—through sexual contact without a condom and sharing needles or works to inject drugs.

      HAV, a short-term but occasionally severe illness, is usually spread through contaminated food, drinks, or touching objects (including injection drug equipment); the feces of an infected person; or sexual contact with an infected person. HAV usually causes a short- term illness. Most people recover completely and do not have any lasting liver damage.

      HBV can be spread through blood and other body fluids, including semen. Some people who become infected with HBV, especially during adulthood, can clear the virus. Others, especially those infected as infants or young children, go on to develop long-term infection.

      HCV is most often spread through blood, but can sometimes be spread through sexual contact. Most people who become infected with HCV go on to develop a chronic infection. Infection with HCV is often “silent.” Many people can have the infection for decades without having symptoms or feeling sick. Compared with other age groups, people born from 1945 to 1965 are 5 times as likely to be infected with HCV.


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