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Cholera vaccine : what you need to know
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  • Description:
    1. Why get vaccinated? -- 2. Cholera vaccine -- 3. Some people should not get this vaccine -- 4. Risks of a vaccine reaction -- 5. What if there is a serious reaction? -- 6. How can I learn more?

    Cholera is a disease that can cause severe diarrhea

    and vomiting. If it isn’t treated quickly, it can lead to dehydration and even death. About 100,000-130,000 people are thought to die from cholera each year, almost all of them in countries where the disease is common.

    Cholera is caused by bacteria, and spread through contaminated food or water. It isn’t usually spread directly from person to person, but it can be spread through contact with the feces of an infected person.

    Cholera is very rare among U.S. citizens. It is a risk mostly to people traveling in countries where the disease is common (mainly Haiti, and parts of Africa, Asia, and the Pacific). It has also occurred in the United States among people eating raw or undercooked seafood from the Gulf Coast.

    Being careful about what you eat and drink while traveling, and practicing good personal hygiene, can help prevent waterborne and foodborne diseases, including cholera. For someone who has been infected, rehydration (replacing water and chemicals lost through diarrhea

    or vomiting) can greatly reduce the chance of dying. Vaccination can reduce the risk of getting sick from cholera.


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