Results from the School Health Policies and Practices Study 2016
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Results from the School Health Policies and Practices Study 2016

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    Students in the United States engage in behaviors that place them at risk for the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults (1). These behaviors often are established during childhood and adolescence and extend into adulthood; therefore, it is important to prevent such behaviors at an early age. Because schools have direct contact with more than 95 percent of our nation’s young people aged 5-17 years, they play a critical role in promoting the health and safety of young people and helping them establish lifelong healthy behavior patterns.

    In 2014, the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model (2). This model “incorporates the components of a coordinated school health program around the tenets of a whole child approach to education and provides a framework to address the symbiotic relationship between learning and health” (2, p. 6). The WSCC model contains 10 components: health education; physical education and physical activity; nutrition environment and services; health services; counseling, psychological and social services; social and emotional climate; physical environment; employee wellness; family engagement; and community involvement.

    To monitor progress in each of these areas, it is critical to measure periodically the extent to which schools and school districts nationwide have policies and practices in place that address these components. In addition, data are needed to monitor national health objectives that pertain to schools and school districts, as well as to assist with program planning, help drive policy improvement, and track changes over time in these policies and practices. In response to these needs, CDC developed the School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS). SHPPS is a national survey periodically conducted to assess school health policies and practices at multiple levels for each of the components of the WSCC model. SHPPS was conducted at the state, district, school, and classroom levels in 1994, 2000, and 2006. In 2012, SHPPS was conducted only at the state and district levels, and in 2014, it was conducted only at the school and classroom levels. SHPPS 2016 was conducted at the district level only; this report therefore provides district-level data on each of the components described below. Note that some components have been combined to reflect the organization of the study questionnaires (see Methods section).

    CS 278248-A


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