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Effect of Exercise Training on the Frequency of Contracture-Release Surgeries in Burned Children
  • Published Date:
    Oct 2017
  • Source:
    Ann Plast Surg. 79(4):346-349.


Public Access Version Available on: October 01, 2018 information icon
Please check back on the date listed above.
Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    28542072
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5597445
  • Description:
    Background

    Intensive physical exercise (IPE) increases strength, lean body mass, aerobic capacity, and range of motion in children with extensive burns. However, whether IPE decreases the frequency of burn scar contracture-releasing procedures in children with extensive burns is unknown.

    Materials and Methods

    Prospectively collected surgical records of 184 children who had undergone axilla, elbow, and/or wrist contracture-releasing procedures were reviewed. All children were 7 years or older and had sustained burns of at least 40% of the total body surface area. Eighty-two children completed an IPE program, and 102 children did not. For both groups, the axilla, elbow, and wrist were examined for tightness and restricted movement. Children with contractural difficulty were prescribed a releasing procedure. Logistic regression was used to model the relationship between multiple release surgeries and group.

    Results

    Patients in both groups had comparable injury severity. A total of 120 releases were carried out in the 82 IPE patients. In contrast, 211 releases were needed in the 102 non-IPE patients. An approximate 60% decrease in the frequency of re-release operations was noted in IPE patients (12.5% for the IPE group and 31.9% for non-IPE group; p<0.05).

    Conclusions

    When used as an adjunct therapy in post-burn rehabilitation, IPE may be useful for reducing the need for contracture release. The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of exercise remain undefined and should be investigated.

  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Funding:
    P50 GM060338/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/United States
    R01 GM060388/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/United States
    R01 HD049471/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States
    U48 DP000043/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
  • Supporting Files:
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