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Primary Care Provider Management of Congenital Hypothyroidism Identified Through Newborn Screening
  • Published Date:
    Apr 18 2017
  • Source:
    Ann Thyroid Res. 3(1):95-101.
Filetype[PDF-181.34 KB]

  • Alternative Title:
    Ann Thyroid Res
  • Description:

    To assess Primary Congenital Hypothyroidism (CH) management patterns and feasibility of providing long-term care for patients with CH identified through newborn screening by Primary Care Providers (PCPs) in California and Hawaii.

    Study Design

    A survey was mailed to all physicians (N=823) listed as the referral doctor for confirmed patients with CH identified through newborn screening programs in both states between 01/01/2009–12/31/2013. Information was collected on CH management patterns, barriers to providing care, and knowledge on CH treatment. Descriptive statistics and bivariate logistic regression results were reported.


    206 PCPs completed the survey. Among these, 78% currently have patients with CH and 91% indicated willingness to provide long-term care to new patients with CH. Among PCPs currently caring for patients with CH, 17% managed CH by themselves with limited assistance from endocrinologists; 63% were involved in managing CH but endocrinologists played a larger role than PCPs; 19% were not involved in CH care. Only 49% of PCPs correctly answered questions regarding recommended follow-up frequencies and 23% knew the correct age for a trial off levothyroxine for suspected transient CH. Top two perceived barriers to providing long-term care included “need guidance or support from endocrinologists” (61%) and “not familiar with CH treatment guidelines” (28%).


    The majority of PCPs surveyed are willing to provide long-term care to patients with CH, but need support from endocrinologists and increased knowledge about current treatment guidelines.

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