Sanitation in the control of insects and rodents of public health importance
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Sanitation in the control of insects and rodents of public health importance

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      Sanitation is the most important principle in the control of flies and rodents. This concept is also of considerable importance in the control of mosquitoes, particularly in urban areas. Sanitation has been defined as “A modification of environment in such a way that a maximum of health, comfort, safety and well-being occurs to man.” It is, essentially, applied animal ecology effecting a modification of environment which results in conditions adverse to the continued existence of certain vectors and pests. Only recently has the necessity of this approach to vector control been realized. Research and community demonstration programs have shown conclusively that the application of the basic principles of sanitation result in substantial reductions in the fly, rodent and mosquito populations. In a number of communities it has been estimated that proper refuse sanitation will do 90 percent of the job in fly control and 65 percent in rat control. In most communities, good refuse sanitation, together with good general maintenance of premises, will greatly reduce the pest mosquito population.
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