Validation of β-lactam minimum inhibitory concentration predictions for pneumococcal isolates with newly encountered penicillin binding protein (PBP) sequences
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Validation of β-lactam minimum inhibitory concentration predictions for pneumococcal isolates with newly encountered penicillin binding protein (PBP) sequences

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  • Alternative Title:
    BMC Genomics
  • Description:
    Background Genomic sequence-based deduction of antibiotic minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) has great potential to enhance the speed and sensitivity of antimicrobial susceptibility testing. We previously developed a penicillin-binding protein (PBP) typing system and two methods (Random Forest (RF) and Mode MIC (MM)) that accurately predicted β-lactam MICs for pneumococcal isolates carrying a characterized PBP sequence type (phenotypic β-lactam MICs known for at least one isolate of this PBP type). This study evaluates the prediction performance for previously uncharacterized (new) PBP types and the probability of encountering new PBP types, both of which impact the overall prediction accuracy. Results The MM and RF methods were used to predict MICs of 4309 previously reported pneumococcal isolates in 2 datasets and the results were compared to the known broth microdilution MICs to 6 β-lactams. Based on a method that specifically evaluated predictions for new PBP types, the RF results were more accurate than MM results for new PBP types and showed percent essential agreement (MICs agree within ±1 dilution) >97%, percent category agreement (interpretive results agree) >93%, major discrepancy (sensitive isolate predicted as resistant) rate < 1.2%, and very major discrepancy (resistant isolate predicted as sensitive) rate < 1.4% for all 6 β-lactams. The identification of new PBP types over time was well approximated by a diminishingly increasing curve (Pearson’s r = 0.99) and minimally impacted overall MIC prediction performance. Conclusions MIC prediction using the RF method could be an accurate alternative of phenotypic susceptibility testing even in the presence of previously uncharacterized PBP types. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12864-017-4017-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
  • Pubmed ID:
    28810827
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5558719
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