CSTE botulism surveillance summary 2014
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      Summary of Botulism Cases Reported in 2014

      A total of 161 laboratory-confirmed and 16 probable cases of botulism were reported to CDC in 2014. Laboratory-confirmed foodborne botulism accounted for 15 (9%) cases, infant botulism for 128 (80%) cases, wound botulism for 16 (10%) cases, and botulism of unknown or other etiology for 2 (1%) cases (Table 1). Probable foodborne botulism accounted for 5 (31%) cases, and probable wound botulism for 11 (69%) cases.

      The 15 cases of laboratory-confirmed foodborne botulism were reported from seven states (Figure 1). Toxin type A accounted for 4 (27%), toxin type B for 4 (27%), and toxin type E for 7 (47%). The median age of patients was 53 years with a range of 8–85; 8 (53%) were women. There were four outbreaks (events with two or more cases) among laboratory-confirmed cases. One was associated with stinkheads (3 cases), one with seal oil (3 cases), one with pasta and jarred pesto* (2 cases), and one with homecanned tomato sauce (2 cases) (Table 2a). Two deaths were reported.

      Recommended citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Botulism Annual Summary, 2014. Atlanta, Georgia: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, 2015.



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