Developing a legionnaires’ disease laboratory response plan : a practical guide for state and local public health laboratories
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

All these words:

For very narrow results

This exact word or phrase:

When looking for a specific result

Any of these words:

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

None of these words:

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields



Publication Date Range:


Document Data


Document Type:






Clear All

Query Builder

Query box

Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page


Developing a legionnaires’ disease laboratory response plan : a practical guide for state and local public health laboratories

Filetype[PDF-4.07 MB]

  • English

  • Details:

    • Description:
      Legionnaires’ disease is a serious type of pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella. This bacterium can also cause a milder, self-limited, influenza-like illness called Pontiac fever. The term legionellosis refers to either Legionnaires’ disease or Pontiac fever. Legionella is the leading cause of waterborne pneumonia outbreaks in the United States. The rate of reported cases of legionellosis in the United States increased nearly four and a half times from 2000-2015. Those at increased risk for Legionnaires’ disease include adults 50 years or older, people with a history of smoking or chronic lung disease, and people who are immunocompromised. Legionella lives naturally in soil and freshwater environments, such as lakes and streams, but is spread primarily via inhalation of contaminated aerosols from human-made water systems that are not adequately managed.

      Comparing Legionella isolates from both clinical respiratory specimens and environmental samples using molecular techniques can be vital for determining the source of a Legionnaires’ disease case, cluster, or outbreak. Obtaining isolates can be complicated by many factors, including:

      • Limited availability of respiratory specimens for culture since the urinary antigen test (UAT) is the most common clinical diagnostic assay

      • Legionella’s fastidious growth requirements

      • Limited commercial availability of specialized media (Buffered Charcoal Yeast Extract [BCYE] agar)

      • Challenges related to proper collection, transportation, and processing of environmental samples

      Laboratories can increase their preparedness by developing a Legionnaires’ disease Laboratory Response Plan (LDLRP). A completed LDLRP contains important information related to the Response Team, considerations regarding testing that will be performed in-house, and a plan for any tests that will be referred to outside laboratories. Having an LDLRP in place helps laboratories strengthen their Legionnaires’ disease response capabilities and prepare for potential cluster or outbreak investigations with confidence.

      Every state and local public health laboratory (PHL) can benefit from developing an LDLRP. During a Legionnaires’ disease cluster or outbreak response, laboratories may suddenly be faced with processing hundreds of samples. Preparing an LDLRP can help PHLs develop a strategy before a cluster or outbreak occurs, regardless of current Legionella testing capacity.


    • Main Document Checksum:
    • File Type:

    Supporting Files

    More +

    Related Documents

    You May Also Like

    Checkout today's featured content at