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Factors in Placement and Enrollment of Primary Care Patients in YMCA’s Diabetes Prevention Program, Bronx, New York, 2010–2015
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Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    28358669
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5386615
  • Description:
    Introduction

    The reach of the New York State YMCA’s Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) to at-risk populations may be increased through integration with primary care settings. Although considerable effort has been made in the referral and retention of patients, little is known about the factors associated with the placement of potential participants into YMCA’s DPP.

    Methods

    Among Montefiore Health System (MHS) patients referred to YMCA’s DPP (n = 1,249) from July 10, 2010, through November 11, 2015, we identified demographic factors (eg, age, preferred language) and primary care practice-level factors (eg, time between referral and start of session, session season) associated with placement into a session and subsequent drop-out. We also evaluated factors associated with weight loss.

    Results

    Patients were predominantly female (71%) and aged 45 years or older (71%). Patients preferring sessions in Spanish were less often placed in sessions. Patients aged 18 to 44 years were less often placed (P = .01) and enrolled (P = .001) than patients aged 60 years or older. Sessions conducted in the summer and spring had higher enrollment than fall and winter months. Patients who started the YMCA’s DPP within 2 months of their referral date were more often enrolled (54.4%) than patients who waited 4 or more months (21.6%) to start their sessions. Patients aged 45 to 59 years lost marginally less weight than those aged 60 years or older (−3.1% vs −3.8%; P = .07).

    Conclusion

    Although this evaluation gives some insight into the barriers to placement and enrollment in YMCA’s DPP, challenges remain. Efforts are under way to increase referral of patients to community-based DPPs.

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