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Association between Parental Access to Paid Sick Leave and Children's Access to and Use of Healthcare Services
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Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    28169438
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5367459
  • Description:
    Background

    We examined the association between parental access to paid sick leave (PPSL) and children's use of preventive care and reduced likelihood of delayed medical care and emergency room (ER) visits.

    Methods

    We used the child sample of the National Health Interview Survey data (linked to the adult and family samples) from 2011 through 2015 and logistic and negative binomial regression models.

    Results

    Controlling for covariates, the odds of children with PPSL receiving flu vaccination were 12.5% [95%CI: 1.06–1.19] higher and receiving annual medical checkups were 13.2% [95%CI: 1.04–1.23] higher than those of children without PPSL. With PPSL, the odds of children receiving delayed medical care because of time mismatch were 13.3% [95%CI: 0.76–0.98] lower, and being taken to ER were 53.6% [95%CI: 0.27–0.81] lower than those of children without PPSL. PPSL was associated with 11% [95%CI: 0.82–0.97] fewer ER visits per year.

    Conclusion

    PPSL may improve children's access and use of healthcare services and reduce the number of ER visits.

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