Multilevel analysis of municipal officials’ participation in land use policies supportive of active living: City and individual factors
Published Date:Mar 2016
Source:Am J Health Promot. 30(4):287-290.
Health Focus: Physical Activity
Manuscript Format: Research
Outcome Measure: Behavioral
Research Purpose: Relationship Testing
Setting: Local Community
Study Design: Non-experimental
Target Population Age: Adults
Target Population Circumstances: N/A
Pubmed Central ID:PMC5319428
Funding:U48 DP001903/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
To investigate individual- and city-level factors associated with municipal officials’ participation in a local land use policy that supports active living.
83 cities in 8 states.
413 elected and appointed officials, with various job functions including mayors, city councilors, aldermen, selectmen, city or town managers, and heads of departments of planning, community development, public works, transportation, engineering, parks and recreation, neighborhood services, and public health.
A web-based survey assessed: perceived importance of physical activity and livability issues to job responsibilities; perceived resident support of local government action to address physical activity and livability issues; and residence. City-level factors obtained from Census data included: percentage of commuters by walking, bicycling, and public transit. The dependent variable was self-reported participation in developing, adopting, or implementing a local land use policy supportive of active living.
Hierarchical (two-level: municipal official-city) logistic regression model, using R.
Municipal officials living in the city where they worked were significantly more likely to be involved in a land use policy. Higher perceived importance of livability issues was associated with participation. Perceived importance of physical activity was inversely associated with land use policy involvement. Higher city-level bicycling rates resulted in increased odds of participation in a land use policy. City-level walking rates were inversely associated with land use policy participation.
Municipal officials working in cities with a higher proportion of bicycle commuters, who prioritized livability issues, and who resided in the city where they worked, were more likely to engage in land use policies supportive of active living.
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