The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Events To Smoking, Overweight, Obesity and Binge Drinking Among Women In Hawaii
Published Date:Feb 2017
Source:Matern Child Health J. 21(2):315-325.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC5259551
Funding:T32 DK062707/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/United States
T32 HL079891/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/United States
U58 DP001962/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
To evaluate how the associations of adverse childhood events (ACEs) with smoking, overweight, obesity and binge drinking differ by race/ethnicity among women, including a large, understudied cohort of Asians and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (NHOPIs).
The number and type (household dysfunction, and physical, verbal and sexual abuse) of ACEs were examined in relation to adulthood smoking, overweight, obesity and binge drinking among 3,354 women in Hawaii using the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data using Poisson regression. We additionally investigated for interaction by race/ethnicity. Covariates included age, race/ethnicity, education, emotional support, healthcare coverage, and the other health outcomes.
Overall, 54.9% reported at least 1 ACE. The prevalence of smoking (Prevalence Ratio [PR]=1.40 [1 ACE] to PR=2.55 [5+ ACEs]), overweight (PR=1.22 [1 ACE] to PR=1.31 [5+ ACEs]) and obesity (PR=1.00 [1 ACE] to PR=1.85 [5+ ACEs]) increased with increasing ACE count. Smoking was associated with household dysfunction (PR=1.67, CI=1.26–2.22), and physical (PR=2.04, CI=1.50–2.78) and verbal (PR=1.62, CI=1.25–2.10) abuse. Obesity was also significantly related to household dysfunction (PR=1.22, CI=1.01–1.48), and physical (PR=1.36, CI=1.10–1.70), verbal (PR=1.35, CI=1.11–1.64) and sexual (PR=1.53, CI=1.25–1.88) abuse. Among Asians, sexual abuse was associated with a lower prevalence of binge drinking (PR=0.26, CI=0.07, 0.93), which was significantly different from the null association among Whites (interaction p=0.02).
Preventing/addressing ACEs may help optimize childhood health, and reduce the likelihood of smoking/obesity among women including Asians/NHOPIs. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the sexual abuse-binge drinking association among Asians, which may support the need for culturally-tailored programs to address ACEs.
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