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Personal Protective Equipment Use and Hazardous Drug Spills among Ambulatory Oncology Nurses: Results from a Mailed Survey
  • Published Date:
    Jan 06 2017
  • Source:
    Oncol Nurs Forum. 44(1):60-65.
Filetype[PDF-323.19 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    28067030
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5225785
  • Description:
    Purpose/Objectives

    To examine patterns and organizational correlates of personal protective equipment (PPE) use and hazardous drug spills.

    Design

    Cross-sectional mailed survey.

    Setting

    Ambulatory practices in California, Georgia, and Michigan.

    Sample

    252 Oncology Nursing Society members who administer hazardous drugs.

    Methods

    Bivariate and multivariable regression analyses.

    Main Research Variables

    Outcomes were PPE use and hazardous drug spills. Covariates included nursing workloads, nurses’ practice environments, and barriers to PPE use.

    Findings

    26% reported a recent drug spill. 90% wore only one pair of chemotherapy-tested gloves. Increased PPE use was significantly associated with nurse participation in practice affairs (β = 0.25, 95% CI 0.10 to 0.41), non-private ownership (β= 0.37, 95% CI 0.10 to 0.64), increased nursing workloads (β = 0.03, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.04), and fewer barriers to PPE use (β = 0.65, 95% CI 0.36 to 0.93). Spills were significantly associated with less favorable manager leadership and support (OR 0.68, 95% CI 0.47 to 0.98), and higher workloads (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.06).

    Conclusions

    Drug spills occur often in ambulatory settings. PPE use remains low and barriers to use persist. Higher workloads are associated with both lower PPE use and more spills.

    Implications

    Managers should monitor and correct aberrant workloads and assure PPE is available and staff are trained.

    Knowledge Translation

    1) Workloads are an important factor to consider in reducing hazardous drug exposures. 2) Nurses report substantial barriers to exposure prevention, including absence of equipment and lack of training. 3) Educational interventions are needed to improve use of PPE and reduction in hazardous drug exposures

  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Funding:
    R01 OH010582/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
    T42 OH008455/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS/United States
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