Characteristics of Youth with Combined Histories of Violent Behavior, Suicidal Ideation or Behavior, and Gun-Carrying
Published Date:Jun 01 2016
Pubmed Central ID:PMC5133189
Funding:CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
Youth reporting combined histories of nonfatal violence, suicidal ideation/behavior, and gun-carrying (VSG) are at risk for perpetrating fatal interpersonal violence and self-harm.
We characterize these youth to inform prevention efforts.
We analyzed 2004 data from 3,931 7th, 9th, and 11–12th grade youth and compared VSG youth (n=66) to non-gun carrying youth who either had no histories of violence or suicidal thoughts/behavior (n=1,839), histories of violence (n=884), histories of suicidal thoughts/behaviors (n=552), or both (n=590). We compared groups based on demographic factors, risk factors (i.e., friends who engage in delinquency, peer-violence victimization, depressive symptoms, illicit substance use), and protective factors (i.e., school connectedness, parental care and supervision). Regression models identified factors associated with VSG youth.
Illicit substance use and having friends who engage in delinquency were more common among VSG youth in all comparisons; almost all VSG youth had high-levels of these factors. Depressive symptoms were positively associated with VSG youth versus youth without either violent or suicide-related histories and youth with violent histories alone. School connectedness and parental supervision were negatively associated with VSG youth in most comparisons.
Family-focused and school-based interventions that increase connectedness while reducing delinquency and substance use might prevent these violent tendencies.
Supporting Files:No Additional Files
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