Preventing child maltreatment : program activities guide
Corporate Authors:National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (U.S.)
Description:The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recognizes child maltreatment as a serious public health problem with extensive short- and long-term health consequences. In addition to the immediate physical and emotional effects of maltreatment, children who have experienced abuse and neglect are at increased risk of adverse health outcomes and risky health behaviors in adolescence and adulthood. Child maltreatment has been linked to higher rates of alcoholism, drug abuse, depression, smoking, multiple sexual partners, suicide, and chronic disease.
CDC defines child maltreatment as any act or series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child. Acts of omission include physical abuse, sexual abuse, and psychological abuse, and acts of omission include neglect (physical, emotional, medical/dental, or educational) and failure to supervise. In 2008, an estimated 1,740 children died in the United States as a result of maltreatment, and approximately 772,000 children were found by protective services agencies to be victims of maltreatment. Because many cases go unreported or undetected, the actual number of children who experience maltreatment each year is estimated to be far greater.
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