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Report of the Santee-Cooper survey : a joint report of the South Carolina State Board of Health and U.S. Public Health Service Malaria Control in War Areas
  • Published Date:
    1945
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-266.84 MB]


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Report of the Santee-Cooper survey : a joint report of the South Carolina State Board of Health and U.S. Public Health Service Malaria Control in War Areas
Details:
  • Description:
    Malaria has long been known to be a serious problem in the "Low Country" or coastal plain region of South Carolina. In the summer of I9I4I1, representations were made by the South Carolina State Board of Health and the South Carolina Public Service Authority on the severity of Malaria in the vicinity of the vast federal financed and state-owned and operated Santee-Cooper Project. The U.S. Public Health Service there-upon detailed a group of specialists from the Office of Malaria Control in lar Areas to make a comprehensive survey of the medical, entomological and engineering aspects of the situation, beginning about July 1944, in cooperation with officials of the State Beard of Health, and to prepare a joint report to be submitted to the Surgeon-General, and to the State Health Officer of South Carolina.

    The Santee-Cooper Project consists of two large reservoirs on the coastal plain, approximately midway between Columbia and Charleston. A dam across the Santee liver and a system of dikes in adjacent low country together retain over l6O.,0OO acres of water surface, with over 650 miles of shoreline at the normal maximum pool-elevation of 75 feet above sea level. With some variation, depending on the Amount and distribution of rainfall, the overall summer recession lowers the water level from the 7 5 to the 65 foot elevation. Hydro-electric power has been developed by utilizing the fall of 40 feet between the Santee and the -Cooper Rivers, but the navigational and recreational aims of the development have not yet been fully realized.

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