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Alcohol Electronic Screening and Brief Intervention: A Community Guide Systematic Review
Filetype[PDF-395.09 KB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Community Preventive Services Task Force
  • Pubmed ID:
    27745678
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC5082433
  • Description:
    Context

    Excessive drinking is responsible for 1 in 10 deaths among working-age adults in the U.S. annually. Alcohol screening and brief intervention (ASBI) is an effective, but underutilized, intervention for reducing excessive drinking among adults. Electronic screening and brief intervention (e-SBI) uses electronic devices to deliver key elements of ASBI, and has the potential to expand population reach.

    Evidence acquisition

    Using Community Guide methods, a systematic review of the scientific literature on the effectiveness of e-SBI for reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms was conducted. The search covered studies published from 1967 to October 2011. A total of 31 studies with 36 study arms met quality criteria, and were included in the review. Analyses were conducted in 2012.

    Evidence synthesis

    Twenty-four studies (28 study arms) provided results for excessive drinkers only and seven studies (eight study arms) reported results for all drinkers. Nearly all studies found that e-SBI reduced excessive alcohol consumption and related harms: nine study arms reported a median 23.9% reduction in binge drinking intensity (maximum drinks/binge episode) and nine study arms reported a median 16.5% reduction in binge drinking frequency. Reductions in drinking measures were sustained for up to 12 months.

    Conclusion

    According to Community Guide rules of evidence, e-SBI is an effective method for reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms among intervention participants. Implementation of e-SBI could complement population-level strategies previously recommended by the Community Preventive Services Task Force for reducing excessive drinking (e.g., increasing alcohol taxes and regulating alcohol outlet density).

  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Funding:
    CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
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