Neighborhood Influences and BMI in Urban Older Adults
Published Date:May 13 2015
Source:J Appl Gerontol. .
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4644114
Funding:G12 MD007582/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
P20 MD006738/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
U48 DP000055/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
Increases in body weight and declining physical activity that may accompany aging are linked to a range of problems affecting daily life (i.e., decreased mobility and overall quality of life). This study investigates the actual and perceived neighborhood environment on overweight and obese urban older adults.
We selected 217 individuals aged 65+ who answered questions about their neighborhood on the 2009 Speak to Your Health survey. Using multinomial regression models and geospatial models, we examined relationships between neighborhood environment and BMI.
We found that obese older adults were 63% less likely to have a park within their neighborhood (p = .04). Our results also show that older adults who perceive their neighborhood crime as very high are 12 times more likely to be overweight (p = .04).
Findings suggest that parks may affect BMI in older adults; however, neighborhood perceptions play a greater role.
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