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Neighborhood Influences and BMI in Urban Older Adults
Filetype[PDF - 351.46 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    25972394
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC4644114
  • Funding:
    G12 MD007582/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
    P20 MD006738/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
    U48 DP000055/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Description:
    Objective

    Increases in body weight and declining physical activity that may accompany aging are linked to a range of problems affecting daily life (i.e., decreased mobility and overall quality of life). This study investigates the actual and perceived neighborhood environment on overweight and obese urban older adults.

    Method

    We selected 217 individuals aged 65+ who answered questions about their neighborhood on the 2009 Speak to Your Health survey. Using multinomial regression models and geospatial models, we examined relationships between neighborhood environment and BMI.

    Results

    We found that obese older adults were 63% less likely to have a park within their neighborhood (p = .04). Our results also show that older adults who perceive their neighborhood crime as very high are 12 times more likely to be overweight (p = .04).

    Discussion

    Findings suggest that parks may affect BMI in older adults; however, neighborhood perceptions play a greater role.