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How Do Children Perceive and Act on Dynamic Affordances in Crossing Traffic-Filled Roads?
Filetype[PDF - 236.86 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    25530798
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC4267691
  • Funding:
    R01 HD052875/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States
    R49 CE001167/CE/NCIPC CDC HHS/United States
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Description:
    Successfully perceiving and acting on dynamic affordances is critical for children and adults to function. In our work, we look at how children cross roads as a model for understanding how they learn to perceive and act on dynamic affordances. Ten- to 14-year-old children and adults ride an interactive bicycling simulator through an immersive virtual environment where they cross intersections with continuous cross traffic. We consistently find developmental and individual differences in children's ability to tightly time their entry into the roadway relative to the lead car in the gap. Given that children do not adjust their gap choices to match their less precise timing abilities, children take more risks when crossing roads than adults. We conclude by discussing possible reasons for these developmental differences in movement timing.