Report of final natality statistics, 1995
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Report of final natality statistics, 1995
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    Objectives: This report presents 1995 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal demographic characteristics including age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, and educational attainment; maternal lifestyle and health characteristics (medical risk factors, weight gain, and tobacco and alcohol use); medical care utilization by pregnant women (prenatal care, obstetric procedures, complications of labor and/or delivery, attendant at birth, and method of delivery); and infant health characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, Apgar score, abnormal conditions, congenital anomalies, and multiple births). Also presented are birth and fertility rates by age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status. Selected data by mother’s State of residence are shown, as well as data on month and day of birth, sex ratio, and age of father. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted. Methods: Descriptive tabulations of data reported on the birth certificates of the 3.9 million births that occurred in 1995 are presented. Results: Birth and fertility rates generally declined in 1995. Birth rates for teenagers fell 3 to 4 percent, with larger reductions reported for black teenagers. Rates for women in their twenties declined slightly while rates for women in their thirties rose modestly. The number and rate of births to unmarried women declined in 1995; however, about two-thirds of the decline in the number is due to changes in the reporting of marital status in California. Smoking by pregnant women dropped again and improvements in prenatal care utilization continued. The cesarean delivery rate declined. Key measures of birth outcome, however—the percents of low birthweight and preterm births—were unchanged. The proportions of multiple births, especially triplets, continued to rise. Suggested citation: Ventura SJ, Martin JA, Curtin SC, Mathews TJ. Report of final natality statistics, 1995. Monthly vital statistics report; vol 45 no 11, supp. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 1997. 7-0404 (6/97)
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