Incidence of oral cavity and pharyngeal cancers by anatomical sites in population-based registries in Puerto Rico and the United States of America
Published Date:Dec 2013
Source:P R Health Sci J. 32(4):175-181.
African Continental Ancestry Group
European Continental Ancestry Group
Oral Cavity And Pharyngeal Cancer
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4994517
Funding:1U58DP000782-04/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
8U54MD007587-03/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
R25 CA057712/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
U54 CA096297/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
U54 CA096300/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
U54 MD007587/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
U54 RR026139/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
U54CA96297/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
U54CA96300/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
U54RR026139-01A1/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
Puerto Rico’s (PR) epidemiological data on each oral cavity and pharynx cancer (OCPC) site is yet largely unexplored. Our aim was to compare OCPC incidence in PR, by anatomical site, with that of non-Hispanic whites (NHW), non-Hispanic blacks (NHB), and Hispanic (USH) individuals in the USA.
Data from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results program and the PR Central Cancer Registry were collected and analyzed. Age-standardized rates, percent changes, and standardized rate ratios were estimated with 95% confidence intervals.
Although declining incidence rates were observed for most anatomical sites in most racial/ethnic groups and in both sexes, the incidence of oropharynx cancers, slightly increased for cancers in the oropharynx among PR women, both in the base of tongue and soft palate/other oropharynx (p>0.05). The incidence of soft palate/other oropharynx cancers in PR men was about 2.8 times higher than in USH men (p<0.05) and about 1.4 times higher than in NHW men but 21% lower than in NHB men (p>0.05). Significant interactions terms formed with racial/ethnic group and age were shown in various sites. The largest differences between sexes were consistently noted in PR.
Further research in PR should assess the effect of the HPV infection, as well as of other risk factors, in OCPC incidence by anatomical site in younger populations. These data could explain more precisely the reasons for the differences observed in this study, particularly among sexes in PR.
You May Also Like: