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Guidance for emergency medical services (EMS) systems and 9-1-1 public safety answering points (PSAPs) for management of patients with known or suspected Ebola virus disease in the United States
  • Published Date:
    October 1, 2014
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-210.46 KB]

  • Description:
    Who this is for: Managers of 9-1-1 Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs), EMS Agencies, EMS systems, law enforcement agencies and fire service agencies as well as individual emergency medical services providers (including emergency medical technicians (EMTs), paramedics, and medical first responders, such as law enforcement and fire service personnel).

    What this is for: Guidance for handling inquiries and responding to patients with suspected Ebola symptoms, and for keeping workers safe.

    How to use: Managers should use this information to understand and explain to staff how to respond and stay safe. Individual providers can use this

    information to respond to suspected Ebola patients and to stay safe.

    Key Points:

    • The likelihood of contracting Ebola is extremely low unless a person has direct unprotected contact with the blood or body fluids (like urine, saliva, feces, vomit, sweat, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola or direct handling of bats or nonhuman primates from areas with Ebola outbreaks. When risk of Ebola is elevated in their community, it is important for PSAPs to question callers about:

    • Residence in, or travel to, a country where an Ebola outbreak is occurring; Signs and symptoms of Ebola (such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea); and Other risk factors, like having touched someone who is sick with Ebola.

    • PSAPS should tell EMS personnel this information before they get to the location so they can put on the correct personal protective equipment (PPE) (described below).

    • EMS staff should check for symptoms and risk factors for Ebola. Staff should notify the receiving healthcare facility in advance when they are bringing a patient with suspected Ebola, so that proper infection control precautions can be taken.

    The guidance provided in this document is based on current knowledge of Ebola. Updates will be posted as needed on the CDC Ebola webpage. The information contained in this document is intended to complement existing guidance for healthcare personnel, Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Hospitalized Patients with Known or Suspected Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals


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