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Asthma facts : CDC’s National Asthma Control Program grantees
  • Published Date:
    July 2013
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF - 2.65 MB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
  • Description:
    Asthma is a common chronic disorder of the airways characterized by periods of reversible airflow obstruction known as asthma episodes or attacks.4,5 Asthma attacks are caused by chronically hyperactive (contraction of the muscles surrounding the airways) and inflamed airways, leading to airflow obstruction.5 Common symptoms during an asthma attack include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness or pain.5 Asthma attacks may be mild, moderate, or severe enough to become life-threatening events.5 In most cases, the cause(s) of asthma is unknown. Multiple host and environmental factors may be involved in the development of asthma and exacerbation of asthma symptoms. Exposures associated with asthma attacks include exercise, airway infections, airborne allergens (e.g., pollen, mold, animal dander, dust mites), occupational exposures, and air pollution (e.g., environmental tobacco smoke, particulate matter, and volatile organic compounds).5,6 Although there is no cure, asthma can be controlled with appropriate medical care, and asthma exacerbations can be prevented by avoiding exposures, particularly environmental exposures, that may trigger an attack.5

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) created the National Asthma Control Program in 1999 to launch a public health response to control asthma. The CDC National Asthma Control Program aims to reduce the number of deaths, hospitalizations, emergency department visits, school or work days missed, limitations on activities due to asthma, and to increase the number of people receiving asthma management education and appropriate care.

    The program supports the Healthy People goals and objectives for asthma by implementing evidence-based interventions that reduce asthma-related morbidity and mortality and by continually enhancing surveillance systems to monitor progress. During Fiscal Year 2009, CDC funded grantees in 34 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico for five years to help CDC meet these goals and objectives.

    asthma_facts_program_grantees.pdf

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