CDC’s activities : fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Corporate Authors:National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities.
Description:Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
• About 1 in 13 pregnant women in the United States reports drinking alcohol in the past 30 days. And, about 1 in 71 pregnant women reports binge drinking (having four or more drinks at one time) in the past 30 days.
• Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) studies have shown that 0.2 to 1.5 cases of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) occur for every 1,000 live births in some areas of the United States.
• In the United States, in 2002, the lifetime cost of care for a person with FAS was estimated at $2 million. In 1998, the estimated annual cost to the nation was over $4 billion.
CDC has been involved in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)-related activities since 1991. CDC plays a major role in (1) monitoring alcohol use among women of reproductive age and the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), (2) developing and testing multiple approaches to prevent FASDs, (3) developing interventions for individuals and families living with FASDs, and (4) improving awareness of and knowledge about prenatal alcohol exposure among health care providers and the general public.
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