Barriers to Eye Care Among People Aged 40 Years and Older With Diagnosed Diabetes, 2006–2010
Published Date:Sep 05 2013
Source:Diabetes Care. 37(1):180-188.
Aged, 80 And Over
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Continental Population Groups
Health Care Costs
Health Services Accessibility
Patient Acceptance Of Health Care
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4930070
Funding:CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
We examine barriers to receiving recommended eye care among people aged ≥40 years with diagnosed diabetes.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS
We analyzed 2006–2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 22 states (n = 27,699). Respondents who had not sought eye care in the preceding 12 months were asked the main reason why. We categorized the reasons as cost/lack of insurance, no need, no eye doctor/travel/appointment, and other (meaning everything else). We used multinomial logistic regression to control for race/ethnicity, education, income, and other selected covariates.
Among adults with diagnosed diabetes, nonadherence to the recommended annual eye examinations was 23.5%. The most commonly reported reasons for not receiving eye care in the preceding 12 months were “no need” and “cost or lack of insurance” (39.7 and 32.3%, respectively). Other reasons were “no eye doctor,” “no transportation” or “could not get appointment” (6.4%), and “other” (21.5%). After controlling for covariates, adults aged 40–64 years were more likely than those aged ≥65 years (relative risk ratio [RRR] = 2.79; 95% CI 2.01–3.89) and women were more likely than men (RRR = 2.33; 95% CI 1.75–3.14) to report “cost or lack of insurance” as their main reason. However, people aged 40–64 years were less likely than those aged ≥65 years to report “no need” (RRR = 0.51; 95% CI 0.39–0.67) as their main reason.
Addressing concerns about “cost or lack of insurance” for adults under 65 years and “no perceived need” among those 65 years and older could help improve eye care service utilization among people with diabetes.
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