Welcome to CDC Stacks | Descriptive review of tuberculosis surveillance systems across the circumpolar regions - 39532 | CDC Public Access | Arctic Investigations Program
Stacks Logo
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.
 
 
Help
Clear All Simple Search
Advanced Search
Descriptive review of tuberculosis surveillance systems across the circumpolar regions
  • Published Date:
    Apr 26 2016
  • Publisher's site:
  • Source:
    Int J Circumpolar Health. 2016; 75.
Filetype[PDF - 425.38 KB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    on behalf of the International Circumpolar Surveillance – Tuberculosis Working Group
  • Pubmed ID:
    27121178
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC4848390
  • Description:
    Background

    Tuberculosis is highly prevalent in many Arctic areas. Members of the International Circumpolar Surveillance Tuberculosis (ICS-TB) Working Group collaborate to increase knowledge about tuberculosis in Arctic regions.

    Objective

    To establish baseline knowledge of tuberculosis surveillance systems used by ICS-TB member jurisdictions.

    Design

    Three questionnaires were developed to reflect the different surveillance levels (local, regional and national); all 3 were forwarded to the official representative of each of the 15 ICS-TB member jurisdictions in 2013. Respondents self-identified the level of surveillance conducted in their region and completed the applicable questionnaire. Information collected included surveillance system objectives, case definitions, data collection methodology, storage and dissemination.

    Results

    Thirteen ICS-TB jurisdictions [Canada (Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nunavik, Nunavut, Yukon), Finland, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Russian Federation (Arkhangelsk, Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, Yakutia (Sakha Republic), United States (Alaska)] voluntarily completed the survey – representing 2 local, 7 regional and 4 national levels. Tuberculosis reporting is mandatory in all jurisdictions, and case definitions are comparable across regions. The common objectives across systems are to detect outbreaks, and inform the evaluation/planning of public health programmes and policies. All jurisdictions collect data on confirmed active tuberculosis cases and treatment outcomes; 11 collect contact tracing results. Faxing of standardized case reporting forms is the most common reporting method. Similar core data elements are collected; 8 regions report genotyping results. Data are stored using customized programmes (n=7) and commercial software (n=6). Nine jurisdictions provide monthly, bi-annual or annual reports to principally government and/or scientific/medical audiences.

    Conclusion

    This review successfully establishes baseline knowledge on similarities and differences among circumpolar tuberculosis surveillance systems. The similarity in case definitions will allow for description of the epidemiology of TB based on surveillance data in circumpolar regions, further study of tuberculosis trends across regions, and recommendation of best practices to improve surveillance activities.

  • Document Type:
No Related Documents.
You May Also Like: