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Draft toxicological profile for glutaraldehyde
  • Published Date:
    December 2015
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-3.36 MB]

  • Description:
    Chemical manager(s)/author(s): Sharon Wilbur, Carolyn Harper, Eugene Demchuk; ATSDR, Division of Toxicology and Human Health Sciences, Atlanta, GA; David W. Wohlers, Mario Citra, Mary Kawa, SRC, Inc., North Syracuse, NY.

    Glutaraldehyde is a colorless, oily liquid with a sharp, pungent odor. Other names for glutaraldehyde include pentanedial, glutaral, and 1,5-pentanedial, as well as a variety of other chemical and trade names. Glutaraldehyde is not stable in its pure form, so it is usually found in a solution mixed with water.

    Glutaraldehyde is used for industrial, laboratory, agricultural, and medical purposes, primarily for disinfecting and sterilization of surfaces and equipment. It may be found in medical facilities where it is used to disinfect equipment that cannot be subject to heat sterilization. It is also used in industrial cleaning supplies. The majority of the uses of glutaraldehyde are industrial as opposed to consumer applications. For example, it is used in oil and gas recovery, waste water treatment, as a pesticide and in fogging and cleaning of poultry houses, as a chemical intermediate in the production of various materials, in the paper industry, in x-ray processing, in embalming fluid, and for leather tanning. It may be used in select goods, such as paint and laundry detergent.

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