State of CDC information technology
Published Date:March 27, 2009
Description:Introduction -- Organization Landscape -- IT Spending Trends -- IT Investment Management -- e-Gov Program -- Workforce -- CDC’s Health Information -- Future Directions, Opportunities & Challenges -- Select CDC Major Program Spotlights.
Information Technology (IT) has historically been a rapidly evolving discipline and field with numerous break-through advances over the decades since the 1960s. This State of CDC IT summarizes trends leading up to the current state as well as some opportunities for the future, particularly in light of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, also commonly referred to as the economic stimulus bill.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has been an early adopter of IT since CDC acquired its first mainframe computer in 1964. CDC was an early adopter of office automation in the 1970s, PCs in the 1980s, networking of all PCs in the late 1980s, the Web in 1994, and most recently, Web 2.0. CDC is seen as a leading federal agency in Web 2.0 use. CDC also has a long-standing information resources governance process in place since 1986 involving a broad array of organizational components and external stakeholders.
CDC employs a combined approach to information resources and IT with some functions being consolidated such as IT infrastructure and many business applications, while public health systems and information are largely distributed in CDC programs in a federated approach. In 2003, IT infrastructure services were consolidated into the IT Services Office (ITSO) and in 2005, two new National Centers were created to establish a focus in certain critical functions, namely the National Center for Public Health Informatics (NCPHI) and the National Center for Health Marketing (NCHM).
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