Executive orders and emergency declarations for the West Nile virus : applying lessons from past outbreaks to Zika
Published Date:February 21, 2016
Corporate Authors:Public Health Law Program (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)) ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.). Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support. ;
Keywords:Communicable Disease Control/legislation & Jurisprudence
Disaster Planning/legislation & Jurisprudence
Disease Outbreaks/legislation & Jurisprudence
Disease Outbreaks/prevention & Control
Legislation As Topic
Public Health/legislation & Jurisprudence
Public Health Practice/legislation & Jurisprudence
Public Health Practice Administration/legislation & Jurisprudence
West Nile Fever/prevention & Control
Zika Virus Infection/prevention & Control
Description:Zika Virus Overview -- Overall Findings -- Generic Response -- Mosquito Abatement -- Disease Surveillance and Reporting -- Public Outreach and Education -- Unclassified West Nile Virus Response Actions -- Local Executive Orders and Emergency Declarations for West Nile Virus -- State Executive Orders and Emergency Declarations for West Nile Virus -- Federal Stafford Act Declarations for West Nile Virus -- Conclusions -- Appendix I: Coding Categories.
Government leaders are often given the authority to issue executive orders (EOs), proclamations, or emergency declarations to address public health threats, such as that posed by the Zika virus. Local, state, and federal executive branch leaders have used these powers to address public health threats posed by other mosquito-borne diseases. While existing laws and regulations may allow localities, states, and the federal government to take action to combat mosquito-borne threats absent an EO or emergency declaration, examining such executive actions provides a snapshot of how some jurisdictions have responded to past outbreaks.
As of February 21, 2016, only one territory and two states (Puerto Rico, Florida, and Hawaii) have issued emergency declarations that contemplate the threats posed by the Zika virus. Historically, however, many US jurisdictions have taken such actions to address other mosquito-borne illnesses, such as West Nile virus. The following provides a brief analysis of select uses of local, state, and federal executive powers to combat West Nile virus. Examining the use of executive powers to address West Nile virus may inform actions taken to address the threats posed by other mosquito-borne diseases, such as Zika.
Supporting Files:No Additional Files
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