Welcome to CDC Stacks | Municipal Officials’ Participation in Built Environment Policy Development in the United States - 38095 | CDC Public Access
Stacks Logo
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.
 
 
Help
Clear All Simple Search
Advanced Search
Municipal Officials’ Participation in Built Environment Policy Development in the United States
Filetype[PDF - 297.23 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    25372234
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC4759645
  • Funding:
    P30 DK092950/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/United States
    U48 DP001933/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U48/DP001933/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Description:
    Purpose

    This study examined municipal officials’ participation in built environment policy initiatives focused on land use design, transportation, and parks and recreation.

    Design

    Web-based cross-sectional survey.

    Setting

    83 municipalities with 50,000 or more residents in 8 states.

    Subjects

    453 elected and appointed municipal officials.

    Measures

    Outcomes included self-reported participation in land use design, transportation, and parks and recreation policy to increase physical activity. Independent variables included: respondent position; perceptions of importance, barriers and beliefs regarding physical activity and community design and layout; and physical activity partnership participation.

    Analysis

    Multivariable logistic regression models.

    Results

    Compared to other positions, public health officials had lower participation in land use design (78.3% vs. 29.0%), transportation (78.1% vs. 42.1%), and parks and recreation (67.1% vs. 26.3%) policy. Perceived limited staff was negatively associated with participation in each policy initiative. Perception of the extent to which physical activity was considered in community design and physical activity partnership participation were positively associated with participation in each. Perceived lack of collaboration was associated with less land use design and transportation policy participation, and awareness that community design affects physical activity was associated with more participation. Perceived lack of political will was associated with less parks and recreation policy participation.

    Conclusion

    Public health officials are under-represented in built environment policy initiatives. Improving collaborations may improve municipal officials’ policy participation.