Applying the Social Ecological Model to Creating Asthma-Friendly Schools in Louisiana
Published Date:Mar 2016
Source:J Sch Health. 86(3):225-232.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4754781
Funding:CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
R25 CA116339/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States
CDC-RFA-EH09-90105CONT13/EH/NCEH CDC HHS/United States
In 2010, the Louisiana Asthma Management and Prevention Program (LAMP) implemented the Asthma-Friendly Schools Initiative in high-risk Louisiana populations. The social ecological model (SEM) was used as a framework for an asthma program implemented in 70 state K-12 public schools over 2 years.
Activities included a needs assessment, identification of students with asthma, individualized asthma action plans (AAP), staff trainings, environmental quality improvement, and school system policy changes to address the asthma burden.
There were 522 new or existing asthma cases recognized. Asthma knowledge/awareness was measurably improved among school personnel. School indoor air quality was improved across all locations. School-level polices were adopted that improved AAP collection, compliance to bus-idling restrictions, and asthma medication self-carry.
The SEM framework can be used for school-based programs to address successfully and improve asthma-related issues from the individual through policy levels.
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