Using a Multitest Algorithm to Improve the Positive Predictive Value of Rapid HIV Testing and Linkage to HIV Care in Nonclinical HIV Test Sites
Published Date:Jan 1 2016
Source:J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 71(1):78-86.
Delivery Of Health Care
Linkage To HIV Care
Patient Care Management
Predictive Value Of Tests
Rapid HIV Testing
Reagent Kits, Diagnostic
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4728707
Funding:CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
PS06-002/PS/NCHHSTP CDC HHS/United States
U18 PS000292/PS/NCHHSTP CDC HHS/United States
U18 PS000295/PS/NCHHSTP CDC HHS/United States
Use of a rapid HIV testing algorithm (RTA) in which all tests are conducted within one client appointment could eliminate off-site confirmatory testing and reduce the number of persons not receiving confirmed results.
An RTA was implemented in 9 sites in Los Angeles and San Francisco; results of testing at these sites were compared with 23 sites conducting rapid HIV testing with off-site confirmation. RTA clients with reactive results on more than 1 rapid test were considered HIV+ and immediately referred for HIV care. The positive predictive values (PPVs) of a single rapid HIV test and the RTA were calculated compared with laboratory-based confirmatory testing. A Poisson risk regression model was used to assess the effect of RTA on the proportion of HIV+ persons linked to HIV care within 90 days of a reactive rapid test.
The PPV of the RTA was 100% compared with 86.4% for a single rapid test. The time between testing and receipt of RTA results was on average 8 days shorter than laboratory-based confirmatory testing. For risk groups other than men who had sex with men, the RTA increased the probability of being in care within 90 days compared with standard testing practice.
The RTA increased the PPV of rapid testing to 100%, giving providers, clients, and HIV counselors timely information about a client’s HIV-positive serostatus. Use of RTA could reduce loss to follow-up between testing positive and confirmation and increase the proportion of HIV-infected persons receiving HIV care.
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