Countries that have past or current evidence of Zika virus transmission (as of January 2016)
Published Date:January 15, 2016
Corporate Authors:National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (U.S.). Division of Vector-Borne Diseases.
Description:Where has Zika virus been found?
• Prior to 2015, Zika virus outbreaks had been identified in countries in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands.
• In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infections in Brazil. Currently, outbreaks are occurring in many countries in the Americas. In December 2015, Puerto Rico reported its first confirmed Zika virus case.
• Locally-transmitted Zika virus has not been reported elsewhere in the United States, but cases of Zika have been reported in returning travelers. With the recent outbreaks in the Pacific Islands and South America, the number of Zika cases among travelers visiting or returning to the United States will likely increase. These imported cases may result in local spread of the virus in some areas of the United States.
Countries that have past or current evidence of Zika virus transmission:
AFRICA: Angola*; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Cape Verde; Central African Republic; Cote d’Ivoire; Egypt*; Ethiopia*; Gabon; Gambia*; Kenya*; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone*; Somalia*; Tanzania*; Uganda; Zambia*
AMERICAS: Brazil; Colombia; El Salvador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Martinique; Mexico; Panama; Paraguay; Puerto; Rico; Suriname; Venezuela
OCEANIA/PACIFIC; ISLANDS: Cook Islands; Easter Island; Federated States of Micronesia; French Polynesia; New Caledonia; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu
ASIA: Cambodia; India*; Indonesia; Malaysia; Pakistan*; Philippines; Thailand; Vietnam*
*For these countries, the only evidence of Zika virus transmission is from studies that detected Zika virus antibodies in healthy people. These studies cannot determine where the people were infected or if they were infected with Zika virus because the antibodies may have resulted from infections with other closely related viruses, such as dengue virus.
Supporting Files:No Additional Files
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