Effect of HIV diagnosis disclosure on psychosocial outcomes in Thai children with perinatal HIV-Infection
Published Date:Mar 30 2015
Source:Int J STD AIDS. 27(4):288-295.
Decision Support Techniques
Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical
Quality Of Life
Surveys And Questionnaires
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4703552
Funding:CC999999/Intramural CDC HHS/United States
U19 GH000004/GH/CGH CDC HHS/United States
5U19GH000004-05/GH/CGH CDC HHS/United States
Description:A provider-assisted, counselling-based, paediatric HIV disclosure model was developed and implemented at two tertiary-care hospitals in Bangkok, Thailand. All undisclosed perinatally acquired HIV-infected children, aged 7-18 years, and their caretakers were offered the four-step disclosure service, including: screening, readiness assessments and preparation, disclosure sessions, and follow-up evaluations. To assess psychosocial outcomes of disclosure, we compared the scores of the Children Depression Inventory and the PedsQL 4.0™ at baseline and at two-month and six-month follow-up visits, and compared the scores of the Child Behavioral Checklist at baseline and at six-month follow-up. Disclosure was made to 186 children, 160 of whom completed post-disclosure assessments. The median Children's Depression Inventory score in 135 children decreased significantly from 11 at baseline to 8 at two-month and six-month follow-up (p < 0.01). The median PedsQL 4.0™ scores in 126 children increased significantly from 78 at baseline to 80 at two-month and 84 at six-month follow-up (p = 0.04). The median Child Behavioral Checklist scores were not significantly changed. In conclusion, paediatric HIV diagnosis disclosure using this model was found to have positive effect on the children's mood and quality of life, and no negative effect on children's behaviours. This disclosure programme should be expanded to improve the psychosocial health of HIV-infected children.
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