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Surveillance for pneumonic plague in the United States during an international emergency: a model for control of imported emerging diseases.
  • Published Date:
    1996 Jan-Mar
  • Source:
    Emerg Infect Dis. 2(1):30-36.
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-333.47 KB]


Details:
  • Alternative Title:
    Emerg Infect Dis
  • Description:
    In September 1994, in response to a reported epidemic of plague in India, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) enhanced surveillance in the United States for imported pneumonic plague. Plague information materials were rapidly developed and distributed to U.S. public health officials by electronic mail, facsimile, and expedited publication. Information was also provided to medical practitioners and the public by recorded telephone messages and facsimile transmission. Existing quarantine protocols were modified to effect active surveillance for imported plague cases at U.S. airports. Private physicians and state and local health departments were relied on in a passive surveillance system to identify travelers with suspected plague not detected at airports. From September 27 to October 27, the surveillance system identified 13 persons with suspected plague; no case was confirmed. This coordinated response to an international health emergency may serve as a model for detecting other emerging diseases and preventing their importation.

  • Pubmed ID:
    8964057
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC2639812
  • Document Type:
  • Main Document Checksum:
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