Welcome to CDC Stacks | Manual for the surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases. Chapter 16: Tetanus - 36956 | Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library collection
Stacks Logo
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.
 
 
Help
Clear All Simple Search
Advanced Search
Manual for the surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases. Chapter 16: Tetanus
  • Published Date:
    Oct 2011
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF - 269.55 KB]


Details:
  • Personal Authors:
  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (U.S.)
  • Description:
    Chapter 16 of: Manual for the surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases. 5th edition, 2011.

    Tetanus is an acute, potentially fatal disease that is characterized by generalized increased rigidity and convulsive spasms of skeletal muscles. Tetanus is caused by the spore-forming bacterium Clostridium tetani. C. tetani spores (the dormant form of the organism) are found in soil and in animal and human feces. The spores enter the body through breaks in the skin, and germinate under low-oxygen conditions. Puncture wounds and wounds with a significant amount of tissue injury are more likely to promote germination. The organisms produce a potent toxin tetanospasmin which is absorbed into the bloodstream. The toxin then reaches the nervous system, causing painful and often violent muscular contractions. The muscle stiffness usually first involves the jaw (lockjaw) and neck, and later becomes generalized. Tetanus is a noncommunicable disease—it is not transmitted from one person to another.

    chpt16-tetanus.pdf

  • Document Type:
  • Supporting Files:
    No Additional Files
You May Also Like: